1st Century B.C.:
the first sandwich known was created by Hillel The Elder. Hillel was a Jewish religious leader who invented the Jewish holiday called Passover. This holiday included the ingestion of cracked nuts, spices, apple and flavored wine with bitter herbs between two matzos similar to two baked hard-consistency biscuits.
6th to 16th Centuries A.D.:
during the Middle Ages, it was common to use two huge slices of bread as plates. These slices of bread were wetted with grease and juices. The poorest families ate their bread plates after finishing the meal.
16th to 17th Centuries A.D.:
during this period the existence of sandwiches is clear in English plays, such as William Shakespeare's. In his play The Merry Wives of Windsor, for instance, he refers to "bread and cheese" when he's talking about the food for the poor and beggars.
in the work of the English historian Edward Gibbon the word sandwich is recorded. Gibbon described the scene with amazement: two men sitting in a lobby of a renowned game club called Cocoa Tree, having sandwiches on tables covered with handkerchiefs.
Another version tells us that that same year a group of cooks of the gambling club called London's Beef Steak Club were asked to prepare a sandwich for the first time. This meal consisted of ground beef and seasoning with wines put together between slices of breads. The Forth Duke of Sandwich, named John Montagu, was one of the hardened gamblers that visited this club. The Duke would ask the cooks to prepare ground beef between slices of toasted bread so that he could eat it rapidly as he played. The rest of the customers would feel tempted by the Duke's meal and would say "I'll have the same as Sandwich". This is how the name of this dish became more and more popular.
sandwiches were brought to America by Elizabeth Leslie. She invented the first sandwich recipe which was the preparation of a simple ham sandwich suggested as an afternoon snack or as dinner.
the first Viena Capellanes, Vienna bread producers, was settled in Madrid City.
in America, sliced bread commerce was established, and ham and egg sandwiches were greatly demanded. Workers and children started carrying with them metallic sandwich boxes in which they took their food in a clean and simple way.
Otto Frederick Rohwedder, American, created the first automatic bread cutting machine. He and his business established in Missouri in 1928.
Wonder Bread, an American company, started selling sliced bread. At the beginning the bread wasn't very popular among consumers, as people didn't trust the way the bread was cut, but over time sales increased.
Antonio Rodilla opened the first shop of a chain of pastry shops. Among the products offered, there was an innovating type which was made of slices of bread and sausages. This is the origin of the popular beef sandwich.
during World World II the production of steel was insufficient and the production of knives to cut bread was stopped and bread was sold without slicing.
the second Antonio Rodilla‘s pastry shop is opened.
The US military, with natural preservatives, created the indestructible sandwich. The important feature of this sandwich is that it stays fresh for three years without refrigeration. Today, there are two flavors available: pepperoni and barbecue chicken, as peanut butter with ham flavor is still in process.
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